New York Health
Center for Nephrology

Nutrition in Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease In recent years many dietary approaches aimed at a healthier life have emerged. Similarly, dietary approaches to improve health in people with diabetes, cardiovascular disease, Hypertension and Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), are changing. When you have a kidney disorder, you need to have a kidney-friendly meal plan. Besides the medications you take, the amount of fluids, salt, nutrients, minerals and vitamins in your diet are very important not only to stay healthy but also for healing.

• Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has gained epidemic proportions in the US and is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. It often coexists with hypertension and diabetes. Therefore, dietary approaches are complex, and often benefit all these health conditions.

• When your kidneys are not working well, your potassium level may be too high or phosphorus may be too high, or you may have too much protein and salt in your diet. You may be at risk for progression of CKD, heart problems, high blood pressure, vascular calcifications, or metabolic bone disorder (weakened bones). You may have acid buildup in the body which can also cause complications.

• If you have diabetes, or high blood pressure which is not well controlled, your kidney function may deteriorate. Dietary interventions can improve these conditions in a major way, and avoid worsening of kidney function.

• Dietary interventions based on the Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative (KDOQI), and American Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (AND), have shown to slow the progression of CKD, and sometimes avoid Kidney failure.

• Moreover, a diet rich in fruit and vegetables (which is often restricted in patients with CKD), may actually be beneficial. Consumption of more than 17 servings of fruits and vegetables a week has been shown to decrease mortality in hemodialysis patients, and also may lead to an improvement in kidney function in patients with CKD. A healthy diet including at least four to five servings of fruits and vegetables per day is widely recommended for the prevention of a multitude of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer, and leads to a 10%–20% lower risk of all-cause mortality.

• With the patient’s wellbeing in mind, and because of the above benefits the nephrologists at NY Kidney specialists proposed a clinical trial of increasing dietary fruit and vegetable consumption in patients with CKD while controlling for high potassium in the blood when needed with a medication. This clinical trial has been recently approved, and patient enrollment will start soon.

Make sure to consult your doctor and our dietitians to incorporate the right foods into your diet.
Be proactive with your diet, and take charge of your health.

NY Kidney Specialists, a Division of NY Health
For outpatient treatment or evaluation, contact us.
2500 Route 347, Bldg. #14A
Stony Brook, NY 11790
Tel: (631) 689-7800

At NY Health, we want to reassure you that we are here during your time of need while maintaining safety precautions. If you or a loved one is in need of care, please call our office, 631-689-7800, and we can schedule a VIRTUAL APPOINTMENT VIA TELEHEALTH for you. You can also request an appointment here. Subsequently, we can make appropriate recommendations and follow-up as clinically indicated.